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Data sheet

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Picea abies

Description
Life formtreePhysiologyevergreen, single stem
HabiterectCategorymaterials, medicinals & aromatic, forest/wood, environmental
Life spanperennialPlant attributesgrown on large scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthmedium (50-150 cm)shallow (20-50 cm)
Temperat. requir.515325Soil texturemedium, organicheavy, medium, light, wide, organic
Rainfall (annual)400700300900Soil fertilityhighmoderate
Latitude45406873Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -2000Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH453.75.5Soil drainagewell (dry spells)poorly (saturated >50% of year), well (dry spells)
Light intensitycloudy skiesclear skieslight shadevery bright

Climate zonesubtropical dry summer (Cs), temperate oceanic (Do), temperate continental (Dc), boreal (E)Photoperiodlong day (>14 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-30Killing temp. early growth-1
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemCrop cycle00
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
perennial crops

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
materialtimber woodbark
materialgums/resinsexudates
medicinalskin applicationsexudates
medicinalrespiratory applicationsexudates
medicinalnervous system applicationsexudates
medicinalimmune system applicationsexudates