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Data sheet

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Papaver somniferum

Description
Life formherbPhysiology
HabiterectCategorymedicinals & aromatic
Life spanannualPlant attributesgrown on large scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthmedium (50-150 cm)shallow (20-50 cm)
Temperat. requir.1524328Soil texturemediummedium
Rainfall (annual)80012003001700Soil fertilityhighmoderate
Latitude15105560Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -2400Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH6.57.568.3Soil drainagewell (dry spells)well (dry spells)
Light intensityvery brightclear skiesvery brightcloudy skies

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), steppe or semiarid (Bs), subtropical dry summer (Cs), temperate oceanic (Do), temperate continental (Dc), temperate with humid winters (Df), temperate with dry winters (Dw)Photoperiodlong day (>14 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-5Killing temp. early growth0
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemhome garden, large scale/commercialCrop cycle135210
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
permanent rainfedley cropping

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food & beveragemineralsseeds
materiallipids/oil & fatsseeds
food additivecondiment/seasoningseeds
medicinalnervous system applicationsexudates
medicinalmuscular/skeletal applicationsexudates
medicinalrespiratory applicationsexudates
poisonmammalsexudates