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Data sheet

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Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera

Description
Life formherbPhysiologydeciduous, single stem
Habitprostrate/procumbent/semi-erectCategoryroots/tubers
Life spanbiennialPlant attributesgrown on large scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthdeep (>>150 cm)medium (50-150 cm)
Temperat. requir.1525730Soil texturemedium, organicheavy, medium, organic
Rainfall (annual)4007002501000Soil fertilityhighmoderate
Latitude30306060Soil Al. toxmedium (16-25% of CEChigh (<5% of CEC)
Altitude --- --- -2100Soil salinitymedium (4-10 dS/m)high (>10 dS/m))
Soil PH66.85.58.5Soil drainagewell (dry spells)
Light intensitycloudy skiesclear skieslight shadeclear skies

Climate zonesubtropical dry summer (Cs), subtropical dry winter (Cw), temperate oceanic (Do), temperate continental (Dc)Photoperiodlong day (>14 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-3Killing temp. early growth-1
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemlarge scale/commercialCrop cycle60140
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
permanent rainfedley croppinghighmedium
arable irrigatedratoon croppingmaize, wheat, potatohighmedium

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food additivesweetenerroots
animal food (feed)sugarroots
animal food (feed)starchroots
animal food (feed)mineralsroots
animal food (feed)mineralsleaves
food & beveragesugarroots
food & beveragestarchroots
food & beveragemineralsroots
fuelspetroleum substitutes/alcoholroots
fuelsalcoholroots