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Data sheet

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Butea monosperma

Description
Life formtreePhysiologydeciduous, single stem
HabiterectCategoryforage/pasture, materials, ornamentals/turf, medicinals & aromatic, environmental
Life spanperennialPlant attributesgrown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthmedium (50-150 cm)medium (50-150 cm)
Temperat. requir.20381048Soil textureheavy, mediumheavy, medium, light
Rainfall (annual)100030006005000Soil fertilityhighmoderate
Latitude--3030Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -1500Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)medium (4-10 dS/m)
Soil PH675.57.5Soil drainagewell (dry spells)poorly (saturated >50% of year), well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityvery brightclear skiesvery brightcloudy skies

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), subtropical humid (Cf), subtropical dry summer (Cs), subtropical dry winter (Cw)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-4Killing temp. early growth-1
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemCrop cycle240300
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
animal food (feed)vitaminsleaves
animal food (feed)mineralsleaves
non-vertebrate foodvitaminsleaves
non-vertebrate foodmineralsleaves
materialfibresstems
materialgums/resinsexudates
materialdye/tanninstems
materiallipids/oil & fatsseeds
fuelsfuelwoodbark
fuelscharcoalseeds
fuelsnon-wood fuelleaves
medicinalendocrine system applicationsflowers
medicinaldigestive system applicationsexudates
environmentalerosion controlentire plant
environmentalornamental/turfentire plant
poisoninsectsseeds
poisonfungiseeds