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Data sheet

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Vigna unguiculata

Description
Life formherbPhysiologymulti stem
Habitprostrate/procumbent/semi-erectCategorypulses (grain legumes), forage/pasture, vegetables, environmental
Life spanannualPlant attributesgrown on large scale, grown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthmedium (50-150 cm)shallow (20-50 cm)
Temperat. requir.25351540Soil texturemedium, lightheavy, medium, light, wide
Rainfall (annual)50015003004100Soil fertilitymoderatelow
Latitude--3040Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -2000Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH5.57.548.8Soil drainagewell (dry spells)well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityclear skiesvery brightlight shadevery bright

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), steppe or semiarid (Bs), subtropical humid (Cf), subtropical dry summer (Cs), subtropical dry winter (Cw)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours), neutral day (12-14 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-1Killing temp. early growth-1
Abiotic toler.droughtAbiotic suscept.fire, flooding
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemsmall scale (manual), large scale/commercialCrop cycle30240
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
permanent rainfedratoon croppingstable cereal, tuber cropsmediummedium
permanent rainfedinter-croppingmaize, cassava, yammediummedium
permanent rainfedinter-croppingmillet, sorghum, groundnutmediummedium
permanent rainfedsole cropping

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food & beverageproteinfruits
food & beveragevitaminsfruits
food & beverageproteinseeds
food & beveragevitaminsseeds
food & beveragemineralsleaves
food & beveragevitaminsseedlings
food & beveragemineralsseedlings
animal food (feed)proteinentire plant
animal food (feed)mineralsentire plant
environmentalsoil improversentire plant
environmentalmanure/fertilizerentire plant
environmentalnitrogen fixationentire plant