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Data sheet

View crop Data sheet EcoPort

Vigna umbellata

Description
Life formherb, vinePhysiologymulti stem
Habiterect, climber/scrambler/scadentCategorypulses (grain legumes), forage/pasture, vegetables, cover crop, environmental
Life spanannual, perennialPlant attributesgrown on large scale, grown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthmedium (50-150 cm)shallow (20-50 cm)
Temperat. requir.18301040Soil texturemediumheavy, medium, light
Rainfall (annual)70015003002000Soil fertilityhighlow
Latitude--2530Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -2000Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH67.55.58Soil drainagewell (dry spells)well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityvery brightvery brightvery brightclear skies

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), steppe or semiarid (Bs), subtropical dry summer (Cs)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours)
Killing temp. during restno inputKilling temp. early growthno input
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemhome garden, small scale (manual), intermediate (animal drawn)Crop cycle40130
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food & beveragevitaminsseeds
food & beveragemineralsseeds
food & beverageproteinseeds
food & beveragevitaminsfruits
food & beveragemineralsfruits
food & beverageproteinfruits
food & beveragevitaminsleaves
food & beveragemineralsleaves
animal food (feed)vitaminsseeds
animal food (feed)mineralsseeds
animal food (feed)proteinseeds
animal food (feed)vitaminsentire plant
animal food (feed)mineralsentire plant
animal food (feed)proteinentire plant
environmentalerosion controlentire plant
environmentalsoil improversentire plant
environmentalliving fenceentire plant
environmentalrevegetationentire plant
environmentalmanure/fertilizerentire plant
environmentalnitrogen fixationroots
environmentalcover cropentire plant