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Data sheet

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Theobroma cacao

Description
Life formtreePhysiologysemi evergreen, deciduous, single stem
HabiterectCategoryfruits & nuts, medicinals & aromatic
Life spanperennialPlant attributesgrown on large scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthdeep (>>150 cm)medium (50-150 cm)
Temperat. requir.21321038Soil textureheavy, organicheavy, medium, light
Rainfall (annual)120030009007600Soil fertilitymoderatemoderate
Latitude--1020Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -900Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH56.548Soil drainagewell (dry spells)well (dry spells)
Light intensityclear skieslight shadevery brightheavy shade

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours), neutral day (12-14 hours), long day (>14 hours)
Killing temp. during rest5Killing temp. early growth0
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemCrop cycle180365
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
perennial cropsinter-croppingtaro (Xanthosoma sp.), Colocasia sp., pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), papaw (Carica papaya), cassava (Manihot esculenta), castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis), madre de cacao (Gliricidia sepium), Erythrina lithosperma, rice, peanuts, niebe, gumbo, maize
perennial cropsinter-plantingLeucaena leucocephala, Gliricidia sepium, Erythrinae, Albizia, coconut palm (Cocos nucifera)

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food & beveragevitaminsseeds
food & beveragemineralsseeds
food & beverageproteinseeds
food & beveragelipidsseeds
environmentalsoil improversfruits
materiallipids/oil & fatsseeds
materialcosmetics & perfumeryseeds
medicinalmetabolic system applicationsseeds
medicinalnervous system applicationsseeds
medicinalnutritional applicationsseeds
medicinalrespiratory applicationsseeds
medicinalskin applicationsseeds
animal food (feed)vitaminsfruits
animal food (feed)vitaminsfruits
fuelsnon-wood fuelfruits