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Data sheet

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Samanea saman

Description
Life formtreePhysiologysingle stem
HabiterectCategoryforage/pasture, fruits & nuts, materials, ornamentals/turf, forest/wood, environmental
Life spanperennialPlant attributesgrown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthdeep (>>150 cm)medium (50-150 cm)
Temperat. requir.20351540Soil textureheavy, medium, lightheavy, medium, light
Rainfall (annual)80030005003500Soil fertilitymoderatelow
Latitude--2040Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -1300Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH5.56.54.57.5Soil drainagepoorly (saturated >50% of year), well (dry spells)poorly (saturated >50% of year), well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityvery brightvery brightvery brightclear skies

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), subtropical humid (Cf)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours)
Killing temp. during restno inputKilling temp. early growthno input
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemCrop cycle210300
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food & beveragevitaminsfruits
food & beveragemineralsfruits
food & beveragemineralsseeds
animal food (feed)vitaminsleaves
animal food (feed)mineralsleaves
animal food (feed)vitaminsfruits
animal food (feed)mineralsfruits
animal food (feed)proteinfruits
materialtimber woodbark
materialgums/resinsstems
fuelsfuelwoodbark
environmentalshade & shelterentire plant
environmentalagroforestryentire plant
environmentalnitrogen fixationroots
environmentalornamental/turfentire plant