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Data sheet

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Pennisetum purpureum

Description
Life formgrassPhysiologymulti stem
HabiterectCategoryforage/pasture, environmental
Life spanperennialPlant attributesgrown on large scale, grown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthdeep (>>150 cm)shallow (20-50 cm)
Temperat. requir.21401545Soil texturemediumheavy, medium, light
Rainfall (annual)150025008504000Soil fertilityhighlow
Latitude--3040Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -2000Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)high (>10 dS/m))
Soil PH56.54.58.2Soil drainagewell (dry spells)poorly (saturated >50% of year), well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityvery brightcloudy skiesvery brightlight shade

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), subtropical humid (Cf), subtropical dry summer (Cs), temperate oceanic (Do)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-1Killing temp. early growth0
Abiotic toler.fireAbiotic suscept.flooding
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemlarge scale/commercialCrop cycle120210
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
grazingsole croppinglowlow
grazingphase plantingPueraria phaseoloides, Neonotonia wightii, Centrosema molle, Leucaena leucocephalalowlow

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
animal food (feed)vitaminsentire plant
animal food (feed)mineralsentire plant
environmentalerosion controlentire plant
materialfibresbark
fuelsnon-wood fuelbark
environmentalliving fenceentire plant
environmentalwindbreakentire plant