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Data sheet

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Panicum maximum

Description
Life formgrassPhysiologymulti stem
HabiterectCategoryforage/pasture
Life spanperennialPlant attributesgrown on large scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthdeep (>>150 cm)medium (50-150 cm)
Temperat. requir.1930635Soil texturemedium, organicheavy, medium, light
Rainfall (annual)100018006504300Soil fertilityhighlow
Latitude18162729Soil Al. toxlow (6-15% of CEC)medium (16-25% of CEC
Altitude --- --- -2500Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)medium (4-10 dS/m)
Soil PH573.58.4Soil drainagewell (dry spells)poorly (saturated >50% of year), well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensitylight shadecloudy skiesheavy shadevery bright

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), subtropical humid (Cf), subtropical dry summer (Cs)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-2Killing temp. early growth0
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemlarge scale/commercialCrop cycle70150
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
grazingalley croppingcoconutlowmedium
grazingphase plantingChloris gayana, Centrosema pubescens, Pueraria phaseoloides, Macroptilium atropurpureum, Neonotonia wightii, Stylosanthes guianensis, Stylosanthes capitata, Stylosanthes macrocephala, Leucaena leucocephala, Clitoria ternatea, Desmanthus leptophyllus, Desmanthus virgatus, Medicago sativa, Desmodium sp., Melinis minutifloralowlow

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
animal food (feed)vitaminsentire plant
animal food (feed)mineralsentire plant
fuelsalcoholbark
fuelspetroleum substitutes/alcoholbark