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Data sheet

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Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata

Description
Life formherbPhysiologysingle stem, C3 photosynthesis
Habitprostrate/procumbent/semi-erectCategorypulses (grain legumes), forage/pasture, vegetables
Life spanannualPlant attributesgrown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthmedium (50-150 cm)shallow (20-50 cm)
Temperat. requir.20351040Soil texturemediumheavy, medium, light
Rainfall (annual)60015004004100Soil fertilitymoderatelow
Latitude--3030Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -1500Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH5.57.54.38.8Soil drainagewell (dry spells)well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityvery brightclear skiesvery brightlight shade

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), tropical wet (Ar), steppe or semiarid (Bs), subtropical humid (Cf), subtropical dry summer (Cs), subtropical dry winter (Cw)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours), neutral day (12-14 hours)
Killing temp. during restno inputKilling temp. early growthno input
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemCrop cycle60240
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
animal food (feed)proteinentire plant
animal food (feed)vitaminsentire plant
animal food (feed)mineralsentire plant
food & beverageproteinseeds
food & beveragevitaminsseeds
food & beverageproteinfruits
food & beveragevitaminsfruits
food & beveragemineralsleaves
environmentalsoil improversentire plant
environmentalagroforestryentire plant