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Data sheet

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Vigna subterranea

Description
Life formherbPhysiologymulti stem
Habitprostrate/procumbent/semi-erectCategorypulses (grain legumes)
Life spanannualPlant attributesgrown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthmedium (50-150 cm)shallow (20-50 cm)
Temperat. requir.19301638Soil texturelightheavy, medium, light, organic
Rainfall (annual)75014003003000Soil fertilitylowlow
Latitude--2030Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- 2001400Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)low (<4 dS/m)
Soil PH56.54.37Soil drainagewell (dry spells)well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityvery brightvery brightvery brightclear skies

Climate zonetropical wet & dry (Aw), subtropical dry summer (Cs)Photoperiodshort day (<12 hours), neutral day (12-14 hours)
Killing temp. during restno inputKilling temp. early growthno input
Abiotic toler.Abiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemhome gardenCrop cycle90180
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
semi-permanentinter-croppingsorghum, millet, maize, groundnut, yams, cassavalowhigh
semi-permanentley croppinglowhigh

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food & beverageproteinseeds
medicinaldigestive system applicationsseeds
environmentalsoil improversentire plant