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Setaria italica

Authority(L.) Beauv.
FamilyLiliopsida:Commelinidae:Cyperales:Gramineae
SynonymsPanicum italicum L.
Common namesfoxtail millet, millet foxtail, hay millet, foxtail bristle-grass, boer millet, German millet, Italian millet, nunbank setaria, kolbenhirse, kolvhirs, äkta kolvhirs, stor busthirse, Italianpantaheinä
Editor
Ecocrop code9732



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION An erect grass and cereal crop reaching a height of 90-150 cm. USES The grain can be cooked and eaten as rice or ground for porridge or pudding. It is used for birdseed and it can be grown as fodder. GROWING PERIOD Fast-growing summer annual, mature in 60-70 days or 90-120 days depending on conditions and variety. COMMON NAMES Italian millet, Dwarf setaria, Giant setaria, Hungarian millet, Liberty millet, Foxtail millet, Red rala, German millet, Siberian millet. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: Panicum italicum, P. viride var italica, Chaetochloa italica. Italian millet is probably native of China. The latitudinal range of the grass is 30°N-S. It can be grown at altitude between sea level and 2000 m. Yields of fresh herbage between 15-20 t/ha have been reported.
Sources
Grassland Index
Skerman P 1990 pp 655-659 [KTMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, FER, PHO, LIMIT]
Duke J 1975 pp 27 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Duke J 1979 pp 96 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 32 [USE, TEXT]
Purseglove J 1972 pp 257-259 [RAIN, TEXT, FER, DRA]
Kernick M 1961 pp 196
Jansen P 1991 pp 179