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Prunus avium

AuthorityL.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Rosales:Rosaceae
SynonymsCerasus avium (L.) Moench, Cerasus dulcis Gaertn.
Common namesgean, heart cherry, sweet cherry, mazzard cherry, fugle kirsebær, cereja doce, cereja galega, Kirsche, Cerasorum stipites
Editor
Ecocrop code8965



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A vigorous, upright growing, decidous tree reaching 10-25 m in height. USES The fruits are eaten fresh, cooked, canned, or dried. The wood can be used for furniture. KILLING T Fruits may not tolerate -2.5°C, flowers not -3.0 to -4°C and the buds just before opening not -5.5°C. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. Can be grown for timber with a rotation of less than 80 years. COMMON NAMES Sweet cherry, Dessert sweet cherry, Bird cherry, Mazzard, Gean, Cerise, Vogelkirsche, Susskirsche, Cilegio dolce, Cerezo. FURTHER INF Sweet cherry is native of southern Central Europe and western Asia. The tree require minimum 800-1200 hours of winter chilling below 7°C. The tree performs best where humidity is relatively low. Bees are required to distribute the pollen.
Sources
SOURCES (P. avium L.)
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Rehm S 1991 pp 203-204 [DEP, DRA, TEXT, RAIN, SAL, PH]
Dube P 1982 pp 15
Hartmann T 1981 pp 593-594 [KTMP, DRA, DEP, TEXT, FER]
Duke J 1979 pp 100 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 241 [USE, TEMP, DEP, DRA, TEXT]
Hackett C 1982 pp 599 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Kerr G 1993 pp 11
Moeller C 1977 pp 104 [USE, TEXT]
Hockings E 1961b pp 155 [TEXT, DRA, FER]