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Phalaris arundinacea

AuthorityL.
FamilyLiliopsida:Commelinidae:Cyperales:Gramineae
SynonymsPhalaroides arundinacea (L.) Rauschert, Baldingera arundinacea (L.) Dumort., Digraphis arundinacea (L.) Trin., Typhoides arundinacea (L.) Moench
Common namesreed canary-grass, baldingère, alpiste roseau, rohr glanzgras, rörflen, randgräs, strandrøyr, rørgræs, ruokohelpi
Editor
Ecocrop code8488



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A robust, rather coarse, sod-forming grass, extensively spreading by rhizomes and reaching a height of 60-200 cm. The flowers are born in semi-dense panicles. USES Grown as a pasture grass. Its seed can be used as fish food. It is also planted in parks, along stream banks, and artificial ponds. It can be used for grass-water runways and for gullie erosion control. GROWING PERIOD Long-lived perennial, growing spring and autumn. COMMON NAMES Reed Canarygrass, Alpiste roseau. FURTHER INF Reed Canarygrass are often found along stream banks and lake shores. It should be cut prior to 1st bloom to insure subsequent cuttings. About 200 kg/ha of seed can be obtained. It may have certain winter requirements.
Sources
Grassland Index
Roecklein J 1987 pp 173 [USE]
Duke J 1975 pp 24 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Dube P 1982 pp 1
Kernick M 1978 pp 279
Kernick M 1961 pp 38 [PHO]
Heath M 1985 pp 207-214 [DRA, SAL, PH, KTMP, TEMP]
Hartmann T 1981 pp 518 [USE, DRA]
Ahlgreen G 1956 pp 195-202 [FER, DRA, SAL, PH, USE, TEMP]