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Citrus paradisi

AuthorityMacf.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Sapindales:Rutaceae
SynonymsCitrus ◊ paradisi Macf., Citrus decumana L. var. racemosa Roere. (1846), Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck var. racemosa (Roem.) B.C. Stone (1985).
Common namesgrapefruit, pomelo, pamplemousse, limau gedang, moli sisuka, moli peli, muli, krooch thlong, kiengz s'aangz, cam, bu'o'i, pompelmo, Paradisapfel, toranja, jamboa, turingia, toronja, grapefrugt
Editor
Ecocrop code717



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A small, spreading evergreen tree reaching 10-15 m in height, with a round top, dense foliage, glabrous twigs and large fruits, usually globose, 8-15 cm in diameter, greenish or pale yellow when ripe. USES The fruit is used as breakfast fruit, and canned segments and juice are produced. It is a good source of vitamin C and potassium. The peel yields an oil used as a food flavoring, in soft drink powders, gelatin desserts, and candies. Pulp and molasses are used as cattle feed. KILLING T Flowers and fruit will not tolerate frost and trees not -7°C. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. First fruits may be harvested after 7-8 years, economical life 30-35 years. (GMIN estimated by the compiler). COMMON NAMES Grapefruit, Pamplemouse, Pompelmo, Pomelo, Limau gedang, Muli, Krooch thlong, Kiengz s'aangz, Cam, Bu'o'i. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: C. decumana var. racemosa, C. maxima var. uvacarpa, C. grandis var. racemosa. Grapefruits probably originated in Barbados in the Caribbean. In the tropics, it thrives at elevations below 800 m. Long days stimulate vegetative growth, and short days may stimulate flowering. In Florida a fruit yield of 40-44 t/ha is regarded as a good yield, in Trinidad and Surinam average yields may be 24 t/ha. (See also under Citrus ssp.).
Sources
SOURCES (C. paradisi Macfad. Hook)
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Rice R 1990 pp 46-59 [TEMP, LIMIT, RAIN, TEXT, DEP, DRA, FER, PH]
Samson J 1986 pp 73-138 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, DEP, PH]
Maas E 1990 pp 280
Duke J 1975 pp 12 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 216 [USE]
Hackett C 1982 pp 557 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Landon J 1984 pp 293 [TEMP]
Rehm S 1991 pp 176 [TEMP]
Hockings E 1961b pp 175-179 [TEMP, KTMP, DRA, DEP, TEXT, PH]
Verheij E 1991 pp 133-135 [USE, TEMP, TEXT, DRA]