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Citrullus lanatus

Authority(Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Dilleniidae:Violales:Cucurbitaceae
SynonymsCitrullus vulgaris Schrad.
Common nameswatermelon, pastèque, stolovyj arbuz, melani, sandia, melancia, hsi kwa, xigua, tarbuz, wassermelone, legapu, vandmelon, anguria, cocomero, tsamma, karkoer, tsamma melon, wild watermelon, bitterwaatlemoen, bitterboela, N!Ham
Editor
Ecocrop code708



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A slender, hairy, herbaceous vine, often sprawling over the ground. The fruit is globose or oblong, varying greatly in size up to 60 cm or more long. USES Grown as a dessert fruit, the sweet juicy pulp uf the ripe fruit is eaten fresh. The dried parched seeds are chewed, or can be ground and baked into bread. An oil extracted from the seeds is used in cooking and as an illuminant, the seed-cakes can be used as livestock feed. It is mentioned as a useful agroforestry species. GROWING PERIOD Annual, fruits can be harvested after 80-110 days from sowing, continuing for a further 40-50 days. COMMON NAMES Melon D'eau Pasteque, Sandia, Melon de Agua, Wassermelone, Watermeloen, Tarbuz, Kalingada, Pakwan, Hpaye, Sai Kwa, Sandia, Patilla. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: C. vulgaris, Colocynthis citrullus. Watermelon prefer low to moderate humidity and production is generally satisfactory during sunny and dry periods. Excessive rainfall and high humidity give excessive vegetative growth, affect flowering, and may induce leaf diseases and fruit rot. Stable day-night temperatures promote rapid growth. It can be grown in mixed plantings with ma
Sources
Grassland Index
Sims D (pers.comm.)
Rice R 1990 pp 260-261 [RAIN, LIMIT, DRA, FER, TEXT, PH]
Maas E 1990 pp 279
Landon J 1984 pp 286 288 291 [TEXT, DRA, PH, FER]
Rhem S 1991 pp 20
Hartmann T 1981 pp 551 [TEMP, FER, DRA, TEXT, PH, RAIN
Tindall H 1983 pp 150-152 [RAIN LIG, DRA, FER, PH, TEMP, PHO]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 245 [USE]
Eswaran H 1986
Hackett C 1982 pp 72 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Purseglove J 1974 pp 102
Langer R 1991 pp 210
Hockings E 1961b pp 398-400 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, USE, TEXT, DRA, FER]
Siemonsma J 1993 pp 144-148 [PHO, TEMP, LIMIT, RAIN, DRA, FER, PH, USE]