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Cinnamomum verum

SynonymsCinnamomum zeylanicum Nees, Laurus cinnamomum L.
Common namescinnamon, true cinnamon, canela, cannelle, Zimt, kanel, qurfa, kaneel, cannella, koritsa, seiron-nikkei, jou-kuei, jou-kwei, Cortex Cinnamomi
Ecocrop code702

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A medium sized evergreen tree reaching up to 7-18 m height in the wild state. The bark and leaves are strongly aromatic. In an unharvested state, the trunk is stout, 30-60 cm in diameter, with a thick, grey bark and branches set low down. Under cultivation, the continual removal of shoots by cropping almost to ground level results in the formation of a dense bush with a number of leafy coppiced shoots of 2-2.5 m in height. USES The bark is used as flavoring, for a distilled essential oil and for extracted oleresins, also used as flavoring. Oil extracted from both leaves and bark is used in flavoring and perfumery. Cinnamon oil is a source of eugenol. The spice are used in baked goods, apple pies, candy, table sauces, meat seasonnings, beverages, tobacco and pickles. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. Require 3-5 years from planting to first harvest, thereafter harvested every 2-3 years. The tree have a 10 years economical life. Fruits ripen in about 120 days. COMMON NAMES Cinnamon, True cinnamon, Ceylon cinnamon. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: C. zeylanicum. Cinnamon is native of Sri Lanka and southern India. In the tropics, it can be found at elevations from sea level to 2000 m, but it is best grown at elevations below 500 m. It require a warm and wet climate, but waterlogged areas should be avoided, as they give an undesirable bitter harvest product. Also rocky and stony ground is unsuitable. The expected yield of quills is 56-67 kg/ha after 3-4 years, subsequently increasing to 168-224 kg/ha. About 63 kg/ha of chips and approximately 2.5 t/ha of undried leaves can also be obtained. Mentioned as a useful agroforestry species.
SOURCES (Cinnamomum verum Presl.)
Purseglove J 1981 pp 100-112 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, LIG]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 385 [USE, TEMP, DRA, RAIN]
Duke J 1975 pp 12 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Williams C 1979a pp 224-225 [TEXT, TEMP, RAIN]
Purseglove 1974 pp 188-192 [TEXT, FER, TEMP, RAIN]
Nair P 1980 pp 227-230 [TEXT, FER, LIG, DRA, USE]
Ritchie G 1979 pp 149
Hornok L 1992 pp 280-283 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, LIG, USE]
Voortman R 1994 (pers. comm.)