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Canavalia ensiformis

SynonymsCanavalia ensifolia (in N.I. Vavilof: "Five Continents"), Canavalia gladiata DC. var. ensiformis DC., Canavalia ensiformis (DC.) Makino, Dolichos ensiformis L.
Common namesjack bean, sword bean, horse gram, Brazilian broad bean, coffee bean, ensiform bean, horse bean, mole bean, bean-jack, Patagonian bean, haricot sabre, pois sabre, haricot sabre à grain blanc, fève jacques, haricot de Madagascar, frijol papa, papa, feijao de porco, feijão espada, yang dao dou, da dao dou, dao dou, bai dao dou, jackbohne, Madagaskarbohne, schwertbohne, tachinata mame, shiro nata mame, tsurunachinata mame, jackbønne, kara bendo, zwaardboon, kumanda guazú
Ecocrop code609

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A bushy or climbing, erect, herbaceous legume normally reaching 0.5-2 m in height, but it can become 10 m long. USES Grown for its young pods and green seeds, eaten as a vegetable, and used as a green manure. It has little value as fodder and is palatable only after drying. It has medicinal properties. KILLING T The foliage may not tolerate frosts, but the beans themselves remain unaffected. GROWING PERIOD Annual or short-lived perennial somewhat shrubby or climbing herb. Green pods can be harvested after 80-120 days, and mature seed after 180-300 days. (Monegat; spring sown in Brazil it provides groundcover in 50-70 days, flowers after 60-90 days, and mature in 80-120 days). COMMON NAMES Jack bean, Horse bean, Sword bean, Overlook bean, Abai, Awara, Bara sem, Baran chaki, Chickasaw Lima, Cut-eye bean, Dir-daguer, Feijao de porco, Feve Jack, Gisima, Goa bean, Gotani bean, Grudege pea, Haba blanca, Haricot sabre, Pois sabre, Haba de burro, Judia sable, Abai, Bara sem, Vella tamma, Vellai tambatti, Dwara, Kachang parang puteh, Pe-dalet, Goa bean, Habas, Magtambokan, Marutong, Pataning-espada, Pataning Espana, Baran chaki, Popondo, Poponla, Grud bean, Maljoe, Feijao de porco, Puakani, Thua khaek, Kacang parang, Kacang pedang, Pataning dogat. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: C. gladiata var. ensiformis. Dolichos ensiformis. Jack bean is indigenous to drought-ridden regions of Arizona and Mexico. In the tropics it can be found at elevations between sea level and 1500 m. Optimum yield is 5.4 t/ha of dry seed, while the average yield is about 1.3 t/ha. 40-50 t/ha of green manure/green vegetation can be obtained and dry matter yields may be up to 23 t/ha. Toxicity may occur in cattle grazing jack bean aftermath and consuming too much seed meal.
Grassland Index
Roecklein J 1987 pp 491 [USE, RAIN, LIG, DRA]
Kay D 1979 pp 197-204 [TEMP, KTMP, LIG, RAIN, TEXT, PH, PHO]
Duke J 1975 pp 10 [USE]
Tindall H 1983 pp 257 [DEP, LIG, TEXT, FER, PH, TEMP, RAIN, PHO]
Duke J 1981 pp 39-41 317 [DRA, SAL, PHO, RAIN, TEMP, DEP, TEXT, PH, LIG]
Monegat C 1991 pp 120
Mannetje L 1992 pp 74-77 [RAIN, LIG, TEXT, PH, FER, SAL, DRA]
National RC 1979 pp 54
IBPGR 1891 pp 28-29
Skerman P 1988 pp 229-230 [DRA, LIMIT]