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Eugenia uniflora

SynonymsEugenia michelii Lamk (1789)
Common namesBrazil cherry, Surinam cherry, pitanga, cerise de Cayenne, cerisescotes, cerise carrée, ceremai belanda, dewandaru, mayom-farang
Ecocrop code6001

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A small evergreen tree or shrub reaching up to 7 m in height, with spreading, slender, sometimes crooked branches. Flowers fragrant and creamy white, fruits pendulous berries, depressed globose in outline, 1-4 cm in diameter, bright red to blackish when mature. USES The fruit is eaten fresh or made into jam, jelly, relish or pickles. The juice is fermented into vinegar or wine and sometimes distilled into a liquour. The bark is used for tanning and crushed leaves rekease a pungent oil which is used to repel insects. The leaves and fruits have medicinal properties. It is planted as a hedge and windbreak and as an ornamental. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. First harvest may be taken after 3-5 years. COMMON NAMES Brazil cherry, Pitanga cherry, Surinam cherry, Barbados cherry, Cayenne cherry, Pitang, Cerise de Cayenne, Cerises-cotes, Cerise carree, Ceremai belanda, Dewandaru, Mayom-farang. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: E. michelii. Brazil cherry is native of north-eastern and central-eastern South America. In the tropics it can be found at elevations between sea level and 1800 m. It is well adapted to areas of high relative humidity, but it withstands a long dry season.
SOURCES (E. uniflora L.)
Duke J 1975 pp 16 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 240 [USE, TEXT]
Popenoe W 1974 pp 286
Williams C 1979 pp 140
Argles G 1976 pp 355
Purseglove J 1974 pp 401 [USE]
Rice R 1990 pp 120 [USE, KTMP, PH, TEXT, DRA]
Verheij E 1991 pp 165-167 [USE, TEMP, KTMP, LIG, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, SAL]