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Eucalyptus citriodora

AuthorityHook.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Myrtales:Myrtaceae
SynonymsEucalyptus maculata var. citriodora (Hook.) Bailey, Eucalyptus melissiodora Lindley, Eucalyptus variegata F. Muell.
Common nameskafur limuni, lemon-scented gum, lemon-scented iron gum, spotted gum, mkaratusi
Editor
Ecocrop code5842



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A medium sized to tall evergreen tree reaching 30-50 m in height, while the trunk may reach 60-130 cm in diameter. The tree has a handsome appearance and is usually of excellent form. The crown is of regular shape, but sparsely foliaged. USES Timber used for general heavy construction, tool handles, rail material. Wood used as firewood or charcoal. A lemon-scented oil extracted from the leaves is used in perfumes. It is a source of honey. Mentioned as a possible agroforestry species. GROWING PERIOD Fast-growing perennial. The tree will typically increase its height by 3 m per year for the first several years. The tree can be grown on coppice rotations of about 8 years. COMMON NAMES Lemon scented iron gum, Spotted gum, Lemon scented spotted gum, Lemon gum eucalyptus, Eucalipto aromatico. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: E. maculata var. citriodora. Lemon scented iron gum is indigenous to the central and northern coasts of Queensland, Australia. In Queensland, the tree can be found at elevations from sea level to 900 m, in Hawaii up to 500 m, and in Sri Lanka, it can be grown as high as 2000 m. The natural latitudinal range in Australia is 15-26°S. The tree occurs on rolling or undulating country, including plateaux and dry ridges. Optimum annual wood production is 10-21 m3/ha. As a seedling, the plant is very frost sensitive. It is drought hardy and tolerates salt winds.
Sources
SOURCES (Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.)
Webb D 1984 pp 144 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, PH, DRA, DEP, LIG, USE]
AGLS A 1991 pp 31
Roecklein J 1987 pp 454 [USE]
National RC 1980 pp 128
INSPIRE species 61 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, PH, DRA, DEP, LIG, USE]
Eldridge K 1993 pp 45
Booth T 1990 pp 51
Pryor L 1994 (pers. comm.)
Boland D 1984 pp 232-235 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, FER]
Little E 1983 pp 124-127 [KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, USE]
Hensleight T 1988 pp 377 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, FER, USE]