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Brachiaria brizantha

Authority(Hochst. ex A. Rich) Stapf
FamilyLiliopsida:Commelinidae:Cyperales:Gramineae
SynonymsBrachiaria brizantha var. angustifolia Stent & J.M. Rattray, Panicum brizanthum
Common namesbread grass, signal grass, pallisade grass, Ceylon sheep grass, pallisade signal grass, St. Luica grass (En), brachiaria de Abisinia, estrella de Africa, pasto alambe, pasto senal, senal, zacate senal, zacate signal (Sp), brizantao, brizantha, braquiarao, capim braquiaria, capim Marandu, capim ocinde, Marandu (Pt), Ya siknaentontang (Thailand)
Editor
Ecocrop code536



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A grass with stout erect culms and broadly lanceolate leaves reaching a height of 0.6-1.5 m. USES Used for pasture, hay and silage. Also grown as ornamnetal hedges and for erosion control. KILLING T Will survive frost. GROWING PERIOD Perennial grass, growing from spring to autumn and well into the winter, being green when other tropical grasses are brown and dry. It grows quickly, and 90-150 days from sowing, it can be ready for a first, light grazing. COMMON NAMES Signal grass, Palisade grass, St Lucia grass, Ceylon sheep grass, Upright brachiaria, Bread grass, Estrella de Africa, Pasto alambe, Ya siknaentontang. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: Panicum brizanthum. Signal grass is native of the humid and sub-humid tropical Africa. Its natural habitat are grassland valleys and open woodlands. In the tropics it found at elevations between sea level and 3000 m. Dry matter yields may be between 7-20 t/ha.
Sources
Grassland Index
Skerman P 1990 pp 234-237 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, PH, FER, LIG]
Rehm S 1991 pp 405 [USE]
Duke J 1975 pp 9 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Duke J 1979 pp 94
Roecklein J 1987 pp 178 [USE, RAIN]
Ibrahim K 1987 pp 87
Purseglove J 1972 pp 126 [RAIN, USE]
Mannetje L 1992 pp 56-58 [TEXT, PH, FER, DRA, LIG]
Tropical forages 2005