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Hackett C 1982 pp 65 [PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Putz F 1991 pp 343 349
Roecklein J 1987 pp 337 [USE]
Ritchie G 1979 pp 65
National AS 1975 pp 94
The frost-sensitive vines are killed by below 0°C temperatures, but the roots may survive winter temperatures as low as -25°C.
The herbaceous vines are annual, while the large fleshy storage roots are perennial, and can become over 40 years old.
Buffalo gourd, Wild gourd, Chili coyote, Missouri gourd, Calabacilla loca.
Optimum yields of seed is 2.5 t/ha.