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Araucaria cunninghamii

AuthorityAiton ex D. Don
FamilyPinopsida:Araucariaceae
SynonymsAltingia cunninghamii G. Don., Araucaria beccarii Warb.
Common nameshoop pine, colonial pine, Richmond river pine, alloa, ningwik, pien
Editor
Ecocrop code443



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A tall evergreen tree reaching a height 35-40 or up to 70 m, with a trunk diameter of 0.6-1.9 m. It usually has a long straight bole free from branches for up to two-thirds of the tree height. The crown is rather open, with dark green foliage clumped towards the end of the branches. USES Timber used for plywood, veneer, indoor joinery, matchboxes, broom handles, printer's blocks, boat building and furniture. The tree is cultivated as an ornamental. The seeds are edible. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. COMMON NAMES Hoop pine, Richmond river pine, Wasik, Gobe, Kuru, Mau, Nimola, Toe'okera, Beneba, Gapma'aa, Gama, Kumane, Manemoi, Gilman, Taya, Wiru, Escera, Escila, Bantu'ump, Bontuan, Alloa, Ningwik, Sari, Warir, D'Li, Musalo Wutung, Pien. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: A. beccari, Altingia cunninghamii. Hoop pine is native of Papua New Guinea and Australia. It can be found from sea level to 2745 m in elevation. In Australia the range of latitude is between 12-31°S. The general latitudinal range is 0-32°S. Within its natural distribution the mean monthly relative humidity ranges between 60 and 90%. The tree is shade tolerant in youth, it is windfirm and it tolerates salt winds. Optimum annual wood production is 10-18 m3/ha.
Sources
SOURCES (A. cunninghamii Aiton ex D. Don)
Webb D 1984 pp 108 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, PH, DRA, FER, DEP, LIG, KTMP, USE]
INSPIRE species 25 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, PH, DRA, FER, DEP, LIG, KTMP, USE]
FAO For. Paper 77 pp 85
Boland D 1984 pp 44-45 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, FER, PH, DEP]
Chaplin G 1993 pp 55-65 [DRA, TEXT, FER, USE]
Soerianegara I 1993 pp 108 & 113 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, FER, PH]