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Castanea mollissima

AuthorityBlume
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Hamamelidae:Fagales:Fagaceae
SynonymsCastanea bungeana Blume, Castanea formosana (Hayata) Hayata
Common namesChinese chestnut, chataignier de Chine, castanheiro da China
Editor
Ecocrop code4314



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION Deciduous tree or shrub with simple leaves, erect catkins. Fruit 1-3 nuts, brown, coriaceous, in a swollen, spiny cupule which dehisces irregularly by 2-3 valves. Chinese chestnuts are smaller and less sweet than the American chestnut but sweeter than the European chestnut. USES The nuts are eaten raw, roasted, boiled or dried, or ground and prepared into soup, chocolates, pastries, etc. The straight-grained, heavy timber is durable and used for fencing, furniture, ship masts, poles, mine props, railway sleepers, etc. Bark and wood extracts used for tanning leather. Leaves are often fed to silkworms. KILLING T Flowers will not tolerate frost but the tree may withstand -29°C when fully dormant. GROWING PERIOD Perennial, require 5-6 years to first bearing. Flowers in June and fruits mature in about 150 days. COMMON NAMES Chinese chestnut. FURTHER INF
Chinese chestnut is native of northern China. It can be found at altitude up to 2500 m. It is adapted to low to medium humidity in summer, and medium to high humidity in winter. The trees apparently have a short cold requirement for breaking dormancy in the spring but require an environment free of late spring frosts. Trees are expected to yield about 3000 kg/ha, with optimal yields as high as 4400 kg/ha.
Sources
SOURCES (Castanea mollisima L.)
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Roecklein J 1987 pp 324 [USE, FER, DRA]
Duke J 1975 pp 11 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Woodroof J 1979 pp 233-264 [USE, TEXT, KTMP, DRA, PH
Wickens G 1995 pp 21-23 [USE]