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Canarium ovatum

SynonymsCanarium pachyphyllum Perkins (1904), Canarium melioides Elmer (1911)
Common namespilinut, pili
Ecocrop code4111

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A medium-sized evergreen, dioecious tree reaching 20-25 m in height and a trunk diameter of up to 40-50 cm, with compound leaves with 5-7 leaflets and ellipsoid, 6-7 cm long fruits with one seed. USES It is a source of an oleoresin and volatile oil used as a solvent and a pale plasticizer in lacquers. Its edible kernels can be roasted and used in confections, baking and cooking and as a flavouring for ice-cream, they contain 70% of an oil that can be used for cooking. The hard and thick shell that enclose the kernel makes a good fuel and charcoal. Also the resin-rich wood makes a good firewood. The pulp is edible after cooking and yields a cooking oil. The young shoots are edible and may be used in salads. Mature trees yield a gum used in pharmaceutical plasters, ointments, and varnishes. It is used to scent soaps and inexpensive technical preparations. It makes a good windbreak as it resists strong winds and even typhoons. It can be planted as an ornamental avenue and shade tree. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. First havest after 7-10 years. COMMON NAMES Pili nut, Pili, Anangi. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: C. luzonicum, C. pachyphyllum, C. melioides. Pili nut is native of and occors throughout the Philippines. It is a species of the hot, wet tropics and are usually found at elevations between sea level and 400 m. Mature trees can resist strong winds. Fruit yields from mature trees may be about 10000 and yields of seeds may be about 33 kg per tree.
SOURCES (C. ovatum Engl.)
Roecklein J 1987 pp 330 [USE]
Martin F 1984 pp 245-246 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, DRA, FER, PH, USE]
Verheij E 1991 pp 105-107 [USE, TEXT, KTMP]
Wickens G 1995 pp 43-44 [USE, KTMP]