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Amaranthus cruentus

SynonymsAmaranthus paniculatus
Common nameswhitespot, giant arum, purple amaranth
Ecocrop code390

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A broad-leaved herb up to 1 m tall. Leaves lanceolate, acute and often short-deccouent at base, greyish-green. USES Seeds and leaves are used for food, consumed as a leaf vegetable or as fed to livestock. Leaves have a high content of vitamin A, calcium and potassium and seeds have a protein content of up to 15%. Some forms with large bright-red inflorescences are used as ornamentals. GROWING PERIOD Annual, usually growing 30-50 days to first harvest. If the plant is not uprooted it may continue to grow 120-300 days, and provide succesive harvests. COMMON NAMES Spanish greens, Huauhtli, Amaranth, Amarante, Bayam, Kulitis, Phti, Phak khom suan, Rau den. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms, A. hybridus ssp cruentus, A. leucocarpus, A. paniculatus. Spanish greens originated in Latin America. It can be found at elevations between sea level and 1200 m. Adapted to low to medium humidity. Photosynthesis pathway C4. Grain yields usually range from 800-1200 kg/ha but with the use of fertilizers the yield can be raised up to 3 t/ha.
SOURCES (A. cruentus L.)
Tindall H 1983 pp 36-41 [FER, TEXT, PH, TEMP, PHO]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 42 [USE]
Duke J 1975 pp 6 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Hackett C 1982 pp 25 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Janick J 1991 pp 211-218
Westphal E 1989 pp 34-37 [USE, LIG, TEMP, PHO, RAIN, FER, DRA, TEXT]
Bermejo J 1994 pp 93-100 [TEXT, DRA, RAIN, FER]