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Artocarpus integer

Authority(Thunb.) Merr.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Dilleniidae:Urticales:Moraceae
SynonymsArtocarpus integrifolia L.f. (1781, nomen illegitimum), Artocarpus polyphema Persoon (1807, nomen illegitimum), Artocarpus champeden (Lour.) Stokes (1812).
Common nameschempedak, campedak, jak, baroh, bankong, sonekadat, champada
Editor
Ecocrop code3435



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A medium-sized evergreen tree reaching 10-20 m in height, with a short bole, seldom buttressed and a dense rounded crown. Leaves obovate to elliptic, entire, 5-25 x 2.5-12 cm and the fruit a syncarp, cylindrical to almost globose, 20-35 x 10-15 cm, 600-3500 g, yellowish to brownish to orange green, smelling strongly at maturity. USES The fleshy perianths which surround the seeds are eaten fresh or cooked. Young fruits are cooked in coconut milk and eaten as a curried vegetable or in soup. The seeds are eaten roasted or boiled. Young leaves are said to be used as avegetable. The wood is durable and used for construction, furniture, cabinet-work, turnery and boats. The bark can be used to make rope and the latex for the preparation of lime. The tree is also planted as an ornamental and shade tree. Bark and leaves can be used as fodder for elephants. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. Maturation time for the fruit is 3-6 months. COMMON NAMES Chempedak, Campedak, Chempedale, Baroh, Ban kong, Sonekadat, Champada, Kanthal, Kathal, Kathar, Phannas, Halasu, Panasa, Pilla, Pilavu, Peinne, Lemasa. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: A. integrifolia, A. polyphema, A. champeden. Chempedak occur in both primary and secondary forest at elevation up to 500 m or even up to 1300 m in elevation, often on wet hillsides. It prefer a faily high water table (0.5-2 m). It is a long-lived sub-canopy tree. (TEMP estimated by the compiler).
Sources
Verheij E 1991 pp 91-94 [USE, FER, DRA, DEP, PH, LIG]
Troup T 1921 pp 878-880 [USE, RAIN, DEP, FER, LIG, KTMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 205 [USE]
Rehm S 1991 pp 223 [USE]