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Annona senegalensis

SynonymsAnnona arenaria Thonn. ex Schum., Annona chrysophylla Boj., Annona chrysophylla Boj. var. porpetac Bail., Annona chrysophylla var. sillans Robyns & Chesq., Annona porpetac Bail., Annona senegalensis (Pers.) var. latifolia Olive, Annona senegalensis Pers. var. chrysophylla Boj., Annona senegalensis var. porpetac (Bail.) Diels
Common nameswild custard apple, wild soursop, annone, pomme cannelle du senegal, jumbukungo, sinkungo, mchekwa, mkonokono, mtomoko, mutopetope, wilde suikerappel
Ecocrop code3243

DESCRIPTION: It is a shrub or small tree reaching 2-6 m in height or even 11 m under favourable conditions. The bark is smooth to roughish, silvery grey or grey-brown, with leaf scars and roughly circular flakes exposing paler patches of under bark. Young branches with dense, brown, yellow or grey hairs that are lost later. USE: The leaves are sometimes used as vegetables, while the edible white pulp of the ripe fruit has a pleasant, pineapple-like taste. Flowers serve as a spice for various meals. Livestock browse the leaves. Insecticide and tannin can be obtained from the bark. Bark, gum, leaves and roots have medicinal properties. GROWING PERIOD: Perennial. COMMON NAMES: wild custard apple, wild soursop. FURTHER INF: Wild trees are found in semi-arid to subhumid all over regions Africa. The species occurs along riverbanks, fallow land, swamp forests and at the coast. Commonly grows as a single plant in the understorey of savannah woodlands. The tree is sensitive to fire and young trees should be protected against browsing.
SOURCE: ICRAF Agroforestree Database