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Aronia alnifolia

AuthorityNutt.
FamilyCycadopsida
SynonymsAmelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt.
Common namessaskatoon, saskatoon serviceberry, juneberry, mountain juneberry, Rocky Mountain blueberry, sgan gam (Gitxsan), hlighag' (Wet'suwet')
Editor
Ecocrop code3116



Notes
DESCRIPTION: It is a deciduous shrub or small tree reaching 0.3-6 m in height. It is an extremely variable species. In habit, it may range from a low and spreading to erect and slender shrub or small tree. Flowering abundantly in the spring, and very coloured in the fall. USE: Berries are eaten fresh or preserved, cooked into jelly and pastries. They are also used for stomach disorders and eye and eardrops. Root bark infusions used to prevent miscarriages. Bark uses include laxative and cathartic, ease of menstrual bleeding and pass the afterbirth, disinfectant and eyewash. It is grown in gardens as an ornamental, in orchards, and shelterbelts and also used for revegetation of disturbed lands. The shrub stabilizes loose, disturbed soils, especially erodable slopes. GROWING PERIOD: Perennial. COMMON NAMES: Saskatoon, Juneberry. FURTHER INF: It is native of western North America. Ranging from Alaska, the Yukon and Northwest Territories (close to the Arctic Circle), and south to California, Arizona, and New Mexico.It is commonly found in open woods, forest edges, roadsides, coulees and bluffs, on hillsides, and along gulleys and stream banks. It is highly adaptable. Moisture appears to be the limiting factor in determining habitat. It never occurs in habitats receiving less than 340 mm of annual precipitation. The flower buds have been found to have the potential for extreme resistance to low temperature injury (-50 to -60°C) at maximum hardiness. However, the plant is still susceptible to damage from late-spring frosts in particular. The chilling requirements appear to be generally low, 400 to 600 hours at 0 to 7°C. Seedlings will not survive in full shade. It may persist in a forest understory for decades, but eventually it dies as canopy closes
Sources
Horvath J. (2000) Amelanchier alnifolia
Mazza G., Davidson C.G. (1993) Saskatoon Berry: A Fruit Crop for the Prairies