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Fragaria vesca

AuthorityL.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Rosales:Rosaceae
SynonymsFragaria ananassa
Common nameswild strawberry, Walderdbeere, Knickbeere, fragolina di bosco, smultron, skogssmultron, månadssmultron, markjordbær, skov-jordbær, ahomansikka, mansikka, villijar›arber
Editor
Ecocrop code2301



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A small erect herb with a short central stem (crown), spreading widely by means of runners or slender creeping stolons. Leaves trifoliate, flowers white. Fruit a pseudocarp, obovoid, about 1.5 cm x 1 cm, flesh soft and sweet. USES Fruits are eaten raw or prepared as jam, jelly, etc. All parts of the plant have been used in traditional medicine. KILLING T Blossoms are killed by frost, and a hard frost will kill the plant. GROWING PERIOD Perennial, may be harvested 180-270 days from planting and can bear for 3-4 seasons. COMMON NAMES European strawberry, Strawberry, Wood strawberry, Fraisier de bois, Arben, Strawberi, Atakbang, Stroboeri, Dau tay. FURTHER INF European strawberry originated in Europe. It require a period of winter chilling to overcome the dormancy period, the chilling temperatures and period differ among cultivars. In Malesia it grows well at higher altitudes.
Sources
SOURCES (Fragaria vesca L.)
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Roecklein J 1987 pp 214 [USE]
Duke J 1975 pp 17 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Rice R 1990 pp 142-144 [USE, PHO]
Verheij E 1991 pp 336-337 [USE]