View crop

View crop Data sheet EcoPort

Diospyros digyna

SynonymsDiospyros nigra (J.F. Gmelin) Perrottet (1825), Diospyros ebenaster Hiern (non Retz.) (1873)
Common namesblack sapote, black persimmon, zapote negro
Ecocrop code2263

BRIEF DESCRIPTION Small to medium-sized evergreen tree reaching 10-25 m in height, with a dominating trunk, bearing pseudo-whorled tiers of slender spreading branches. Leaves elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 10-30 cm long and fruits flattened globose to slightly lobed berry, 5-15 cm in diameter, dark olive-green. USES The fruits are eaten when fully ripe and soft, or made into a drink be blending with citrus, vanilla, or other flavours. It is also used in ice-cream, cakes, and liqueurs. Unripe fruit can be used as fish poison. The wood can be used for cabinetwork. Bark and leaves have medicinal properties. KILLING T Young plants will not tolerate frost, while older plants are more frost-hardy and may tolerate -1 to -2°C. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. Bear and mature fruit 5-6 years after sowing. In Mexican lowlands the tree flowers in March and fruits in July to September. COMMON NAMES Black sapote, Black persimmon, Barbacoa, Barbaquois, Bois d'ebene, Bois negresse, Sapote noir, Black apple, Black mast, Ebenholzbaum, Essbare hersimanfrucht, Ebeno agrio, Guayabota, Matasano de mico, Zapote de mico, Zapote preto, Ebano, Zapte negro. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: D. nigra, D. ebenaster, D. brasiliensis. Black sapote is believed to be native of Mexico and Guatemala. It is common in Mexico, where it can be found at elevations between sea level and 2000 m, though it is most common below 600 m. It is not resistant to drought.
SOURCES (D. digyna Jacq.)
Duke J 1975 pp 15 [RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 202 [USE]
Popenoe W 1974 pp 370-373 [DEP, FER, KTMP, DRA, TEXT, USE]
Fouque A 1972
Verheij E 1991 pp 152-153 [USE, KTMP, DRA, TEXT]