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Vigna umbellata

Authority(Thunb.) Ohwi & H. Ohashi
SynonymsAzukia umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi, Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb., Vigna calcarata (Roxb.) Kurz
Common namesrice bean, bean - rice, red bean, lazy-man pea, haricot de riz, frijol arroz, judia de arroz, mambi bean, anipay, bamboo bean, climbing mountain bean, crab-eye bean, dungay, kalipan, kilkilang, linay, mangulasi, mungo lising, pagapay, pagsei, paksai, taklauo, tapilan, gai-kalai, ghurush, gurounsh, gurush, kachang sepalit, katjang otji, meth, pau maia, shiltong, sita-mas, sutari, sutri, take-azuki, tsuru-adsuki, mu-tsa, reisbohne
Ecocrop code2152

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A legume with slender twining vines and small leaves, somtimes forming a thick mat and reaching 30-75 cm in height. It has triofoliate leaves, bright yellow flowers and 6-13 cm long, slender pods with 10-16 seeds. The root system is extensive and deep. It has bright yellow flowers and narrow 6-12 cm long pods. USES Grown as a pulse crop and as a green vegetable. Mature seeds are eaten boiled, fried, or sprouted and the leaves and young pods are cooked as vegetable. The beans are a good source of protein, calcium, iron and vitamin B. Plant remains are used as animal feed. The plant can also be used for soil improvement, green manure, living hedge and as a soil cover crop. GROWING PERIOD Fast-growing short-lived perennial, grown as an annual. The young seeds, pods and leaves it may be harvested 40-130 days from sowing. For forage it may be harvested after 70-80 days, but yields are higher at 120-130 days. COMMON NAMES Rice bean, Japanese rice bean, Ohwi, Ohashi, Red bean, Anipay, Bamboo bean, Climbing mountain bean, Crab-eye bean, Dungay, Frijol arroz, Gai-kalai, Ghurush, Haricot de riz, Haricot riz, Reisbohne, Meth, Pan maia, Sem, Sita-mas, Sutri, Kachang sepalit, Katjang otji, Pe-yin, Anipay, Dungay, Kalipan, Kilkilang, Linay, Mangulasi, Pagapay, Paksai, Pagsei, Tapilan, Lung tau, Mai tau, Mu-tsa, Pau maia, Pe-gin, Pe-yin, Pois jaune, Pois pigeon, Pois zombi, Shiltong, Take-azuki, Taklauo, Tapilan, Tsuru-adsuki, Kacang uci, Anipai, Kapilan, Sandaek angkat miehs, Sandaek riech mieh, Thwax la:ng te:k, Thwax sade:t pa:x, Thwax phi, Thua daeng, Thua pae Ma pae, Dau gao. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: V. calcarata, Phaseolus pubescens, P. calcaratus, Azukia umbellata. The rice bean is found growing wild in India, central China and Malaysia. It is suited to humid tropical lowlands at elevations up to 2000 m. A daylength of less than 12 hours is required for flower initiation and seed production, when grown under long day conditions the crop produces masses of vegetation but little or no seed. The plant is adapted to high humidity. Average yield of green forage is about 2.2-3.5 t/ha but yields of up to 33 t/ha have been reported, while yields of dried beans may average 200-800 kg/ha and yields up to 2.2 t/ha have been reported.
SOURCES (Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & Ohashi)
Duke J 1975 pp 31 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 500 [USE]
Kay D 1979 pp 348-354 [KTMP, TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, FER, PHO]
Duke J 1981 pp 297-298 320 [DRA, LIG, FER, TEXT, KTMP, PHO, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Rehm S 1991 pp 158 [USE]
Tindall H 1983 pp 274-276 [TEXT, FER, TEMP, RAIN, PHO]
Purseglove J 1974 pp 294-295 [USE, LIG, TEMP, DRA, PHO]
National RC 1979 pp 80
Martin F 1984 pp 45-47 [TEMP, RAIN, PHO, DRA, USE]
Maesen L 1989 pp 75-77 [USE, TEMP, RAIN, PHO, FER, TEXT, KTMP]