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Vigna radiata

Authority(L.) R. Wilczek
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Fabales:Leguminosae
SynonymsAzukia radiata (L.) Ohwi, Phaseolus abyssinicus Savi, Phaseolus aureus Roxb., Phaseolus hirtus Retz., Phaseolus radiatus L., Phaseolus radiatus L. var. aurea (Roxb.), Phaseolus radiatus L. var. typicus Prain, Phaseolus trinervius Wight & Arn., Rudua aurea (Roxb.) F. Maek., Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. dublobata (Roxb, Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. sublobata (Roxb
Common namesgreen gram (India), mung bean (Aust), judia de mungo, poroto mungo (Paraguay), ambérique, Mungbohne
Editor
Ecocrop code2150



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION An erect or semierect, early maturing bush or slightly vine-like herb reaching 15-130 cm in height with trifoliate leaves, greenish to yellow flowers and podescent pods up to 15 cm long. USES The beans are high in carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, and vitamins. Young sprouts are eaten fresh. Beans are boiled or steamed, or the immature pods are eaten fried. The bean can be frozen, canned or grounded into flour. The plant can also be used for forage, green manure or as a cover crop. GROWING PERIOD Annual. The plant usually flower within 30-70 days and young pods may be harvested 50-70 days after sowing, mature seeds from 70-120 days. COMMON NAMES Mung bean, Green gram, Golden gram, Amberique, Balatong, Batong-hidjao, Black gram, Boubour, Bundo, Cherupayaru, Chickasano, Chickasaw pea, Chiroko, Dau xanh, Dotd, Fagiolo mungo, Goue mungboontjie, Haricot dore, Haricot mungo, Judia de mungo, Mungobohne, Tientsin green bean, Mag, Mash, Moong, Passi payaru, Pesalu, Muneta, Arta ijo, Kachang hijan, Kachang padi, Pasalu, Too-a kee-o, Tua kiew, Tua tong, Thua khieo, Thua thong, Dau xanh, dau che, Pe-di-wa, Pe-di-sien, Pe-nauk, Katjang djong, Katjang Eedjo, Mongo, Mungo, Lou teou, Luk tau, Nga-choi, Chickasano, Chiroko, Lubia chiroko, Kanyensi, Kifudu, Jerusalem pea, Thwax khiew, Thwax ngo:k, Thwax sade:k, Sandaek ba:y. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: V. aureus, Phaseolus aureus. P. radiatus. Azukia radiata, Rudua aurea. The mung bean originated in South East Asia or India. It can be grown satisfactory at elevations up to 2000 m in the tropics, where mung bean usually is grown as a rain-fed crop frequently following rice. Humidity should be low to medium and excessive rainfall and humidity especially at flowering can lead to reduced yields. Photosynthesis pathway C 3 II. Yields of 100-700 kg/ha of dried beans are common, but yields up to 3 t/ha can be obtained.
Sources
Grassland Index
Roecklein J 1987 pp 495 [USE, DRA, PH, SAL, PHO, TEMP]
Kay D 1979 pp 273-292 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, DEP, PH, SAL, PHO]
Duke J 1981 pp 293-296 320 [DRA, KTMP, SAL, RAIN, TEXT, PHO, TEMP, PH]
Duke J 1975 pp 31 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Tindall H 1983 pp 294-296 [DRA, SAL, FER, TEMP, RAIN, PHO]
Hackett C 1982 pp 19 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Purseglove J 1974 pp 290-294 [USE, TEXT, RAIN, DRA, PHO]
Nair P 1980 pp 85-87 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, FER, DRA, USE]
Langer R 1991 pp 275-277 [DEP, TEXT, RAIN, DRA, PH, SAL]
Rice R 1990 pp 320-321 [RAIN, DRA, FER, PH, SAL, TEMP, PHO]
Skerman P 1988 pp 475-476 [DRA, TEXT, FER]
Martin F 1984 pp 40-43 [TEMP, RAIN, PHO, DRA, PH, SAL, USE]
Maesen L 1989 pp 71-74 [USE, PHO, TEMP, DRA, RAIN, TEXT, PH]