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Mentha piperita

AuthorityL.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Asteridae:Lamiales:Labiatae
SynonymsMentha x piperita, Mentha aquatica x spicata
Common namespeppermint, brandy mint, menthe poivree, menthe, bohe, Pfefferminze, menta, pepparmynta, pepermynte, na'na, pepermunt, hortela, myata, seiyo-hakka, Folia Menthae piperitae, Oleum Menthae piperitae, Spiritus Menthae piperitae, Menthae piperitae herba, Aetheroleum menthae piperitae, yang-po-ho
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Ecocrop code2099



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A strongly scented, often branched herb reaching a height of 0.3-1 m. The leaves are oblong ovate, dark green with violet veins. USES An essential oil is extracted from the leaves. The oil contains about 50% menthol and is used in food, flavor, and pharmaceutical products. Dried leaves are used in herbal teas, fruit jams, and desserts. The oil is thought to be a natural carminative with some antispasmodic properties. KILLING T The underground stolons can survive -17 or even -30°C in the case of snow cover. Young shoots may tolerate -8°C. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. First shoots may be harvested 40-55 days from planting of divided rootstocks. For tea production 2-3 cuttings can be taken per year and for harvest of essential oil usually 1 harvest per year is taken. Plantations should be maintained for 2, or, rarely 3 years. The crop should not be cultivated in the same field for 4 years. COMMON NAMES Peppermint, Menthe poivree, Pfefferminze, Menta peperina. FURTHER INF Altitudes in the tropics above 1000 m are generally suitable for peppermint. Average annual yield is 12-20 t/ha of green plant, and 30-65 kg/ha of essential oil. The harvest is usually divided on a first cutting which may be 7-14 t/ha and a second cutting of 5-8 t/ha of green plant.
Sources
SOURCES (Mentha x piperita L.)
Hackett C 1982 pp 22 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Tindall H 1983 pp 245 [DRA, TEXT, RAIN, TEMP]
Duke J 1975 pp 21 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 100 [USE]
Prakash V 1990 pp 49-52 [FER, DRA, TEXT, LIG, USE]
Hornok L 1992 pp 187-195 [KTMP, TEMP, LIG, PHO, DEP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, FER, USE]
Langer R 1991 pp 285-287 [TEMP, RAIN, PH, FER, USE]