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Phaseolus lunatus

AuthorityL.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Fabales:Leguminosae
SynonymsPhaseolus bipunctatus Jacq., Phaseolus inamoenus L., Phaseolus limensis Macfad., Phaseolus portoricensis Sprengel, Phaseolus puberulus Kunth, Phaseolus saccharatus Macfad., Phaseolus xuaresii Zuccagni
Common namesbroad bean, butter bean, lima bean, caraota de a€o, frijol de media luna, frijol de monte, frijol de ratón, frijolillo, gros pois, candou, guaracara, haba, haricot de sieva, pira de a€o, bean - broad
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Ecocrop code1666



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A herbaceous bush 30-90 cm in height or a twining vine 2-4 m long with large trifoliate leaves, flowers white or violet and pods 5-12 cm with 2-4 seeds. Roots thin or swollen, up to 1.5-2 m deep. USES The beans are used dried and shelled, ground or as whole green beans and can be canned or freezed. The seeds have medicinal properties. Green shelled beans are eaten boiled as vegetables. The beans are a good source of protein and vitamin B complex. Immature sprouts, leaves and pods can be consumed. After harvest the vines can be used as cattle feed. The plants can be grown as a short-duration cover crop or used for green manure. GROWING PERIOD Both perennial and annual herbs. Pods of early-maturing cultivars may be harvested about 60-110 days from sowing but the larger-seeded cultivars may take 180-240 days to reach maturity and may be harvested up to about 330 days after sowing. COMMON NAMES Lima bean, Sieva bean, Butter bean, Madagascar bean, Myanmar bean, White Myanmar, Rangoon bean, Abangbang, Akpaka, Alotoko, Feve creole, Haricot de Lima, Pois amer, Pois du Cap, Haba Lima, Judia de Lima, Judia de Sieva, Java bean, Java bohne, Limabohne, Mondbohne, Lima-boon, Dafal, Double bean, Sem, Pothudhambala, Kachang China, Kachang serending, Kacang Jawa, Kekara kratog, Kratok, Kekara, Kajang kaokara, Lobiya, Thua rachamat, Dau ngu, Habichuela, Patani, Tagalo patani, Roaz, Akpaka, Apatram, Awuje, Kokondo, Abang bang, Chuku, Maharage, Mfini, Caraota, Panguita, Avitas poroto, Frijol comba, Yeguas, Guaracaro, Poroto de Lima, Poroto de Manteca, Sibatse simaro, Zabache. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: P. limensis, P. inamoenus. Lima bean is indigenous to Guatemala, Mexico and Peru. Many cultivars are in tropical areas best grown as elevations between 900-2800 m, but some will give resonable yields at sea level. Lima bean contains day-neutral genotypes that flower in daylengths of 9-18 hours and short-day types that require critical daylength of 11-12.3 hours for flowering. It require a dry period for the seeds to mature and heavy rainfall at the flowering period may reduce fertilization. Lima bean favours sloping well-drained areas and many varieties need trellising. Photosynthesis pathway C3. Optimum yield of fresh beans is 2-8 t/ha. In the tropics average production of dry seed is 1-1.5 t/ha. Yields of dry seed may reach 2-2.5 t/ha for bush types and 3-4 t/ha from climbing types.
Sources
Grassland Index
Roecklein J 1987 pp 493 [USE, PH, DRA, TEMP, RAIN]
Duke J 1975 pp 24 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Kay D 1979 pp 224-245 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, PH, DEP, PHO]
Tindall H 1983 pp 277-281 [DRA, PH, TEXT, SAL, TEMP, RAIN, PHO]
Hackett C 1982 pp 38 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Edwards S 1984 pp 84
Purseglove J 1974 pp 296-301 [RAIN, TEMP, DRA, PH, PHO]
Duke J 1981 pp 191-195 [KTMP, DRA, PHO, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Eswaran H 1986 pp 87
National RC 1979 pp 97
Rice R 1990 pp 318-320 [DRA, PH, TEXT, SAL, RAIN, TEMP, PHO]
Langer R 1991 pp 265
Martin F 1984 pp 204-206 [TEMP, RAIN, PHO, PH, USE]
Maesen L 1989 pp 57-59 [USE, DEP, PHO, TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, PH]