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Persea americana

AuthorityMill.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Magnoliidae:Magnoliales:Lauraceae
SynonymsPersea gratissima Gaertn. (1807), Laurus persia L., Persea drymifolia Schlecht & Cham. (1831), Persea nubigena L.O. Williams (1950), Persea persea (L.) Cockerell
Common namesavocado, avocatier, aguacate, adpukat, avokad, apukado, avokaa, awokado, bo', ie dau, apoka (Cook I), pea, avoka, aviota, bata
Editor
Ecocrop code1659



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A small, spreading, evergreen or nearly deciduous tree reaching a height of 20 m although grafted trees usually are 8-10 m tall. Trees in the Mexican group lose nearly all there leaves in winter. It has a low branched trunk and an irregular, densely foliated crown. Fruits are 7-20 cm lang and 7-10 cm in diameter. They may be round, oblong, pear shaped or bottle necked, green or may be tinged with purple. USES The pulp is used as a fresh salad fruit. The pulp can be frozen, used in guacamole and various sauces, and as a flavor in ice creams. The pulp contain 3-30% of an edible oil similar to olive oil. The unripe fruit is poisonous and the ground-up seed mixed with cheese is used as rat
and mouse killer. Mentioned as a useful agroforestry species. KILLING T The Mexican type may tolerate -6øC, but the trees will not tolerate frost during the flowering period. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. Trees from seedlings begins to bear after 4-5 years and grafted trees begin to fruit after the 3rd year. Fruits matur
Sources
Notes: SOURCES (P. americana Mill.)
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Rhem S 1991 pp 192-193 [KTMP, DEP, DRA, TEXT, PH, SAL]
Samson J 1986 pp 235-255 [TEMP, RAIN, LIG, PHO, DRA, TEXT, PH]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 198 [USE, TEXT, DRA, SAL, TEMP]
Eswaran H 1986 pp 6 12 81
Hartmann T 1981 pp 610-611 [KTMP, TEXT, DRA, FER]
Rice R 1990 pp 60-65 [KTMP, DRA, SAL, FER]
Duke J 1975 pp 23 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Sauls J 1976
Hackett C 1982 pp 122 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Popenoe W 1974 pp 23
Nair P 1984 pp 19 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, DEP, DRA, USE]
Van Waveren E 1993 pp 53
FAO For. Paper 67 pp 161
Hensleigh T 1988 pp 249-253 [DEP, TEXT, DRA, PH, SAL, TEMP, KTMP,
RAIN, LIMITS]
Martin F 1984 pp 247-249 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, USE]