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Pachyrhizus erosus

Authority(L.) Urban
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Fabales:Leguminosae
SynonymsPachyrrhizus erosus (L.) Urban, Pachyrhizus angulatus Rich. ex DC. nom. illeg., Pachyrhizus bulbosus Kurz. nom. illeg., Pachyrrhizus bulbosus (L.) Kurz., Cacara erosa Kuntze., Dolichos bulbosus L., Dolichos erosus L.
Common namesWayaka yam bean, Mexican yam bean, yam bean, Mexican turnip, chop-suey bean, manioc bean, three-lobed-leaved yam bean, four-lobed-root yam bean, singkamas, dolique bulbeuse, pois patate, pois manioc, pais patate, feijao batata, jacatupe', jacutupe', paquirrizo, jicama, ahipa, judía batata, jiquima, knollige bohne, yambohne, yamsbohne, fagiolo patata, dolico bulboso, sankalu, mishrikand, sinkamas, sakalu, pre myit, fan-ko, sha ge, sha got, sha kot, dou shu, liang shu, tu gua, bai tu gua, fan ge, yamsbønne, bengkoewang, hoewi iris, hoewi hiris, mame imo, pe'kuëk, man ph'au, bengkuang, kacang sengkuang, mengkuwang, sengkuang, sengkuwang, besusu, jacatupé, jacutupé, jocotupé, bangkowang, bangkooang, iguama, tani uttan kai, man kaeo, huapaekua, man lao, köklü böyrüce, curdau, san, cu san
Editor
Ecocrop code1582



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A herbaceous climbing or trailing vine reach a length of 2-6 m. Roots tuberous, turnip-shaped to elongated. The tubers of cultivars may be up to 30 x 25 cm, with light to dark brown skin and white, whitish yellow or reddish flesh. Leaves trifoliate and fruits oblong, flat, 6-13 x 0.8-1.7 cm, slightly to deeply contracted between the seeds. USES The young crunchy tubers are sliced and eaten raw and also the young pods can be used as a vegetable. The leaves, mature seeds and pods contain a toxic glycoside, the roots and mature seeds contain rotenone and may be useful as an insecticide and fish poison, but can also be toxic to humans. The entire plant can be used as fodder for cattle and pigs and also as green manure. GROWING PERIOD Climbing perennial vine. Immature pods are ready for harvest about 200-240 days from sowing and tubers may be harvested after 150-270 days, before they become fibrous. Seed crops takes about 300 days to mature. In warmer parts of Mexico with loght, rich soil, mature tubers are commenly harvested after only 90 days. COMMON NAMES Yam bean, Potato bean, Dolique bulbeux, Pois batate, Jicama de agua, Sankalu, Sankeh alu, Ubi sengkuang, Pre-myit, Bangkoewang, Bengkuwang, Benkaway, Besusu, Huwi hiris, Sengkuwang, Bunga, Frijol name, Sinkamas, Singkong, Kamah, Kamas, Peek kuek, Pe kuek, Man phau, Man kaeo, Hua pae kua, Man laao, Cu san, Cu dau, Fan-ko, Sha Kot%2
Sources
SOURCES (P. erosus L. Urban)
Tindall H 1983 pp 272-274 [TEXT, DRA, RAIN, PHO]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 471 [USE]
Duke J 1975 pp 22 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Purseglove J 1974 pp 281 [USE, RAIN, TEMP, TEXT]
Duke J 1981 pp 182-184 [FER, TEXT, DRA, PHO, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
National RC 1979 pp 21
Rice R 1990 pp 289-291 [TEXT, DRA, RAIN, PHO]
Westphal E 1989 pp 213-215 [USE, LIMIT, TEMP, PHO, TEXT, DRA]