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Macrotyloma uniflorum

Authority(Lam.) Verdc.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Fabales:Leguminosae
SynonymsDolichos uniflorus Lam., Dolichos biflorus auct. non L.
Common nameshorse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, Madras gram, Madras bean, grain de cheval, dolico cavallino, hurali, kalai, kallu, kollu, kulat, kulatha, kurtikalai, muthera, muthira, muthiva, ulavalu, pé-bi-zât, kerdekorn
Editor
Ecocrop code1399



Notes
DESCRIPTION A densely growing, low-growing or climbing, slender, herbaceous legume reaching 30-60 cm in height with slightly hairy stems, trifoliate leaves, yellow flowers and linear pods with 5-7 seed. USES It is a cover, fodder and pulse crop. Seeds can be poarched and eaten boiled or fried, whole or ground. The stems, leaves, and husks are used as fodder or green manure and seeds are fed to cattle and horses. Seeds can be processed into a sauce and they also have medicinal properties. GROWING PERIOD Annual or perennial, growing in the summer, mature in 40 days for forage and 120-180 days for seed. COMMON NAMES Horsegram, Leichhardt biflorus, Dolico cavallino, Grain de cheval, Hurali, Kalai, Kallu, Kollu, Kulat, Kulatha, Kurtikalai, Kekara, Muthera, Muthira, Muthiva, Pe-bi-zat, Pferdekorn, Ulavalu, Madras gram, Wulawula. FURTHER INF Synonyms: Dolichos uniflorus, D. biflorus. Horsegram probably originated in South East Asia. In India, horsegram is grown up to 1800 m in elevation. In India average seed yields vary from 200-900 kg/ha, and in Australia from 1.1-2.3 t/ha. Fresh matter production may be 18-30 t/ha.
Sources
Grassland Index
Roecklein J 1987 pp 34 [USE]
Kay D 1979 pp 177-183 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, PH, PHO]
Duke J 1981 pp 146-148 318 [PHO, TEXT, DRA, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Purseglove J 1974 pp 263-264 [RAIN, TEXT, FER]
Rehm S 1991 pp 123 [USE]
Bryant P 1973 pp 357-358 [RAIN, DRA, TEXT, FER]
Bogdan A 1977 pp 386-387 [USE, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, DRA]
Skerman P 1988 pp 349-352 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, PH, SAL]
Martin F 1984 pp 36-38 [TEMP, RAIN, PHO, DRA, FER, USE]
Maesen L 1989 pp 53-54 [USE, PHO, TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, PH]