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Hibiscus cannabinus

AuthorityL.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Dilleniidae:Malvales:Malvaceae
SynonymsAbelmoschus verrucosus (Guill. & Perr.) Walp., Furcaria cavanillesii Kostel, Hibiscus unidens Lindl., Hibiscus verrucosus Guill. & Perr., Ketmia glandulosa Moench
Common nameskenaf, ambary, ambary hemp, brown Indian hemp, mesta hemp, bastard jute, bimli jute, bimlipatum jute, bimlipatam tree, hemp-mallow, mesta, palungi, deccan hemp, ambari, til, teel, teal, Java jute, umbaru, linho de gombo, canhamo brasileiro, papoula de Sao Francisco, stokroos, dah (West Africa), gambo (West Africa), rama (West Africa), Guinea hemp (Africa)
Editor
Ecocrop code1213



Notes
DESCRIPTION: An erect, herbaceous, single stemmed plant that can reach 1-5 m in height. The flowers are red or yellow with a bright red centre. USES: It is mainly grown as a fiber crop. The fiber is used for ropes, bags, cordages, and carpet yarns and it can also be used as pulp fiber. The seeds contain an oil that is used in lubricants, soaps, linoleum, and paint. Young plants can be used as fodder and young leaves are used as potherbs. The dried stems can be used as fuel. GROWING PERIOD: Cultivated forms are erect herbaceous annuals, growing 100-240 days, can be harvested for fodder after 100 days and for fibre after 120-150 days. COMMON NAMES: Kenaf, Bimli, Bimlipatum jute, Deccan hemp. FURTHER INF.: Kenaf is most probably native of Africa. It can be grown between latitudes 45°N and 30°S and can be found at altitudes up to 1250 m or more. It is adapted to a relative air humidity range of 68-82%. It will flower on a shortening day of 12.5 hours or less. High winds and heavy rain, especially when the crop is near maturity may cause much lodging. Total production of green plants may be about 36 t/ha, yields of fodder from 10-14 t/ha and fiber yields may be 1-6 t/ha. Annual seed yields may be about 350-400 kg/ha. Kenaf has a low resistance to nematodes.
Sources
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Rehm S 1991 pp 347-349 [TEXT, RAIN, TEMP]
Maas E 1990 pp 271
Kassam A 1976 pp 96
Landon J 1984 pp 280 [TEXT, DRA, DEP, PH, FER, SAL]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 122 [USE]
Dempsey J 1975 pp 203-304 [KTMP, TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, LIMIT, PH, DRA, FER, DEP, PHO]
Williams C 1979a pp 85-86 [TEMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, FER]
Purseglove J 1974 pp 365-368 [TEMP, RAIN, PHO, DRA, PH, TEXT]
Onwueme I 1991 pp 387-390 [TEMP, RAIN, DRA, FER, TEXT, PH]
Janick J 1991 pp 402
Lovett J 1979 pp 268-270 [PHO, TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, DEP, DRA]