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Vigna subterranea

Authority(L.) Verdc.
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Fabales:Leguminosae
SynonymsVoandzeia subterranea (L.) Thouars, Voandzeia subterranea (L.) DC., Glycine subterranea L.
Common namesbambara groundnut, bambara bean, jugo bean, jugoboon, izidlubu, njugo (South Africa), nyimo, voanjo, njugu mawe, ditloo marapo, indlubu, mani
Editor
Ecocrop code10830



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A heavily branched, creeping, herbaceous legume with trifoliate flowers and whitish-yellow flowers. After fertilization the penducle bends towards the soil and the pods develop underground. USES Grown for its edible seeds. The seeds are eaten fresh, boiled, or canned and have a taste similar to the garden pea. The seeds can also be extracted for oil. Dried seed can be roasted and ground into flour. Young pods can be eaten raw. It is a good source of protein, iron, and vitamin B. Mentioned as a useful agroforestry species. GROWING PERIOD Annual. Flowering may start 30-55 days after sowing. Brunch types take 90-120 days to mature, spreading types about 120-180 days. COMMON NAMES Bambara groundnut, Bambarra groundnut, Voandzou, Ground pea, Earth pea, Ground bean, Kaffir pea, Madagascar groundnut, Aboboi, Akyii, Congo goober, Djokomaie, Epi roro, Ful abungawi, Earth nut, Haricot pistache, Pois arachide, Pois bambarra, Pois souterrain, Vanzon, Voandzou, Kachang menila, Kachang tanah, Manila bean, Nela-kadalai, Kachang bogor, Ful abung-awi, Gertere, Guerte, Guijiya, Gujuya, Okboli ede, Njogo bean, Juga bean, Ntoyo, Njama, Nzama, Njuga mawe, Pistache malagache, Voanjobory, Mandubi d'Angola, Gobbe. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: Glycine subterra, Vigna subterranea. The bambara groundnut is indigenous to tropical West Africa or northern Nigeria and Cameroon. It can be found at altitudes between sea level and 1600 m and often occur in lowlands ore valleys. It can be grown in dry, poor soils where most other pulses would fail. It tolerates only very low humidity levels and is drought tolerant once established. Needs dry weather to mature seeds. Average yields of shelled seeds in Africa are 650-850 kg/ha but yields up to 3.6 t/ha have been reported.
Sources
Grassland Index- In Ecocrop as synonym Vigna subterranea
Roecklein J 1987 pp 475 [USE, DRA]
Kay D 1979 pp 17-25 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, PH, FER]
Duke J 1975 pp 31 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Tindall H 1983 pp 299-302 [FER, PH, TEXT, TEMP, RAIN, DRA, PHO]
Rehm S 1991 pp 123 [USE]
Kernick M 1961 pp 288
Purseglove J 1974 pp 329-332 [FER, TEMP]
Duke J 1981 pp 307-310 [DRA, FER, TEXT, LIG, PHO, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Nair P 1980 pp 279-280 [TEMP, TEXT, FER, DRA, USE]
Martin F 1984 pp 28-30 [TEMP, RAIN, PHO, DRA, FER, USE]
Maesen L 1989 pp 74-75 [USE, PHO, KTMP, LIG, TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, PH, FER]